- Devís-Devís, J., Pereira-García, S., Valencia-Peris A., Fuentes-Miguel, J., López-Cañada, E and Pérez-Samaniego, V. (2016) Harassment patterns and risk profile in Spanish trans persons. Journal of Homosexuality, DOI: 10.1080/00918369.2016.1179027
This paper describes the harassment patterns and the risk profile in trans people living in Spain. A sample of 212 trans persons, aged 10-62, participated in this cross-sectional study. Results showed a high percentage of harassment (59.9%) and frequency of daily harassment (12.6%), especially verbal attacks (59%) that occurred in public spaces (49.1%) and within educational contexts (46.2%). Harassment was more prevalent in trans women than men. Those who disclose their gender identities at a younger age experience higher percentages and frequency of harassment than those who disclose at an older age. They also suffer more harassment of different types. The risk profile of harassment refers to older trans women as being more likely to suffer physical harassment than younger ones, but decreases each year they delay their gender identity disclosure. The elimination of transphobic attitudes and the promotion of gender justice should be priority strategies in Spain.
- Beltrán-Carrillo, V.; Devís-Devís, J. y Peiró-Velert, C. (2016) The influence of body discourses on adolescents’ (non)participation in physical activity. Sport, Education and Society, DOI: 10.1080/13573322.2016.1178109
Drawing on semi-structured interviews with older adolescents, this article examines how healthism, ideal body discourses and performative body discourses influence their (non)participation in physical activity and their identity construction concerning exercise, sport and physical education. We illustrate that body transformation through physical activity, and related slim body desire and the fear of masculinised female bodies, affect adolescents’ decisions to engage in or drop out of sport. Also, a non-hegemonic body shape combined with a display of low physical competence triggers classmate and teachers’ rejection and marginalisation, affecting adolescents’ construction of embodied identities and preventing them from being active. Finally, adolescents who are competent in sport are less influenced by ideal body discourses than by performative body discourses. We highlight the health promotion effects of these hegemonic discourses and suggest strategies to challenge them.